• Create a quarantine protocol for new horses to the farm.

Barn Design

  • Add fans and open windows to enhance air circulation.
  • Create tall, solid stall walls or leave an empty stall in between horses to prevent horse interactions.
  • Waterproof/seal untreated wood or replace stall materials to make stalls easier to disinfect.
  • Group horses by the owner or by use and age.
  • Create a quarantine area/facility away from the resident horse housing.
  • Place a footbath at the entrance to the quarantine area/stall when horses are present.
  • Create clear signs and barriers for the quarantine area.
  • Make the feed room as resistant to infestations as possible.

Horse Handling

  • Train staff and owners on proper horse handling.


  • Separate paddock fences by at least 3 feet.
  • Give horses in private turnout their own water buckets that are sanitized between horses.
  • Exclude natural water sources when designing paddocks.

Vector Control

  • Fill holes, replace the water in troughs, and avoid housing horses near streams or ponds.
  • Create a rodent and vermin control program to keep wildlife from the barn.

Horse-specific Equipment

  • Each horse has their own dedicated equipment, including buckets, halters, tack, and brushes.

General Equine Health

  • Require horses to be on a parasite control program.
  • Post signs with healthy horse vital signs and clinical signs of disease.
  • Learn healthy vital sign values and teach them to staff.

Medical & Travel Records

  • Map your farm, with locations of stalls and paddocks for each horse.

Waste Management

  • Provide separate equipment for feeding horses and removing waste.
  • Remove waste from the property weekly.


  • Keep a log of visitors to the farm, including contact information.

Returning to the Farm

  • Quarantine horses that have been off the property.
  • Keep a temperature log of quarantined horses.

Cleaning & Disinfection

  • Place footbaths at the entrance to the farm/barn.
  • Follow the manufacturer’s directions for the disinfectants.
  • Clean and disinfect stalls between horses using them.

Training Farm Employees

  • Train employees in good biosecurity practices.
  • Education & Announcements
  • Place educational posters about best practices around the farm.